Now showing 1 - 5 of 5
  • Publication
    Inferring Semantics from Geometry - the Case of Street Networks
    This paper proposes a method for automatically inferring semantic type information for a street network from its corresponding geometrical representation. Specifically, a street network is modelled as a probabilistic graphical model and semantic type information is inferred by performing learning and inference with respect to this model. Learning is performed using a maximum-margin approach while inference is performed using a fusion moves approach. The proposed model captures features relating to individual streets, such as linearity, as well as features relating to the relationships between streets such as the co occurrence of semantic types. On a large street network containing 32,412 street segments, the proposed model achieves precision and recall values of 68% and 65% respectively. One application of this work is the automation of street network mapping.
  • Publication
    Citizen Science in Ireland
    Ireland has a rich history of public engagement with science and the growing number of national citizen science initiatives is in keeping with developments seen in other European countries. This paper explores several aspects of citizen science in Ireland, in order to assess its development and to better understand potential opportunities for the field. An introduction to the roots of citizen science in Ireland’s past, from the first methodical observations of natural phenomena carried out at monastic settlements up to present day projects monitoring environmental change and biodiversity, is presented along with an overview of the current national citizen science projects running in the country. This cataloging of contemporary citizen science will be compared to the awareness of citizen science in the Irish education system at primary, post-primary, and university level. These measures of progress will be considered in the changing context of international citizen science funding and available support, such as the European Citizen Science Association and the EU-Citizen.Science platform. Citizen science in Ireland is at a critical point. If citizen science is embraced as a truly social and participatory innovation, Ireland has the chance to not only dramatically improve its citizen science output, but to also become a model of best practice for countries at similar stages of citizen science development.
      289Scopus© Citations 9
  • Publication
    Utilizing geometric coherence in the computation of map transformations
    Adaptive mapping and real-time spatial data delivery are currently major research topics in the fields of Web-GIS and Location Based Services (LBS). In order to successfully implement these paradigms a methodology to progressively adopt or transform an arbitrary map representation in an arbitrary fashion on-the-fly is necessary. Such a methodology was previously considered not feasible due to the high computational complexity associated with existing automated map generalisation methodologies. This paper presents a methodology, inspired by related research in the field of computer graphics, which offers the potential to reduce such associated computational complexity. This is achieved using an approach to map transformation which takes advantage of the geometric coherence between a user's spatial data requirements.
      506Scopus© Citations 1
  • Publication
    Interactive cartographic route descriptions
    Providing an adequate route description requires in-depth spatial knowledge of the route in question. In this article we demonstrate that despite having travelled a route recently and having much experience of the area in question, an individual may lack such a degree of knowledge. Previous research and experience informs us that a map is an effective tool for bridging gaps in one’s spatial knowledge. In this article we propose an approach, known as an Interactive Route Description, for defining and interpreting route descriptions interactively with a map. This approach is based on the concept of annotating the map in question and allows the aforementioned gap in one’s spatial knowledge to be bridged. An additional benefit of defining route descriptions in this way is that it facilitates automatic parsing and in turn offers many potential applications. One such application, illustrated in this paper, is the automatic transformation to other representations of the description such as turn-by-turn instructions.
      420Scopus© Citations 5
  • Publication
    Characterising the metric and topological evolution of OpenStreetMap network representations
    (Springer, 2013-01) ;
    OpenStreetMap (OSM) is a collaborative project to create a free editable map database of the world. This paper presents an analysis of the evolution of OSM street network representations. Three urban areas in Ireland were analysed where each evolves from containing little street network detail to a highly detailed street network. In order to characterise this evolution a number of metric and topological characteristics were computed. Some characteristics exhibited broadly similar behaviour in each region. This may be a attributed to similarities in the degree of contributor activity and intrinsic universal mapping procedures exhibited by contributors
      561Scopus© Citations 28