Kavanagh, David J.
Kavanagh, David J.
Kavanagh, David J.
Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
- PublicationIdentification of an interaction between the TPalpha and TPbeta isoforms of the human thromboxane A2 receptor with protein kinase C-related kinase (PRK) 1 : implications for prostate cancer.(American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2011-04-29)
; ; ; ; ; ;In humans, thromboxane (TX)A2 signals through the TPalpha and TPbeta isoforms of the TXA2 receptor, or TP. Herein, the RhoA effector protein kinase C-related kinase (PRK) 1 was identified as an interactant of both TPalpha and TPbeta involving common and unique sequences within their respective carboxyl-terminal (C)-tail domains and the kinase domain of PRK1 (PRK1640-942). While the interaction with PRK1 is constitutive, agonist-activation of TPalpha/TPbeta did not regulate the complex per se but enhanced PRK1 activation leading to phosphorylation of its general substrate histone H1 in vitro. Altered PRK1 and TP expression and signalling are increasingly implicated in certain neoplasms, particularly in androgen-associated prostate carcinomas. Agonist-activation of TPalpha/TPbeta led to phosphorylation of histone H3 at Thr11 (H3Thr11), a previously recognized specific marker of androgen induced-chromatin remodeling, in the prostate LNCaP and PC-3 cell lines but not in primary vascular smooth muscle or endothelial cells. Moreover, this effect was augmented by dihydrotestosterone in androgen-responsive LNCaP but not in non-responsive PC-3 cells. Furthermore, PRK1 was confirmed to constitutively interact with TPalpha/TPbeta in both LNCaP and PC-3 cells and targeted disruption of PRK1 impaired TPalpha/TPbeta-mediated H3Thr11 phosphorylation in, and cell migration of, both prostate cell types. Collectively, considering the role of TXA2 as a potent mediator of RhoA signalling, the identification of PRK1 as a bone fide interactant of TPalpha/TPbeta, and leading to H3Thr11 phosphorylation to regulate cell migration, has broad functional significance such as within the vasculature and in neoplasms in which both PRK1 and the TPs are increasingly implicated. 197Scopus© Citations 23
- PublicationDifferential regulation of RhoA-mediated signaling by the TPalpha and TPbeta isoforms of the human thromboxane A2 receptor : independent modulation of TPalpha signaling by prostacyclin and nitric oxide(Elsevier, 2008-08)
; ; ;In humans, thromboxane (TX) A2 signals through the TPalpha and TPbeta isoforms of the TXA2 receptor that exhibit common and distinct roles. For example, Gq/phospholipase (PL)Cbeta signaling by TPalpha is directly inhibited by the vasodilators prostacyclin and nitric oxide (NO) whereas that signaling by TPbeta is unaffected. Herein, we investigated whether TPalpha and/or TPbeta regulate G12/Rho activation and whether that signaling might be differentially regulated by prostacyclin and/or NO. Both TPalpha and TPbeta independently regulated RhoA activation and signaling in clonal cells over-expressing TPalpha or TPbeta and in primary human aortic smooth muscle cells (1o AoSMCs). While RhoA- signaling by TPalpha was directly impaired by prostacyclin and NO through protein kinase (PK)A- and PKG-dependent phosphorylation, respectively, signaling by TPbeta was not directly affected by either agent. Collectively, while TPalpha and TPbeta contribute to RhoA activation, our findings support the hypothesis that TPalpha is involved in the dynamic regulation of haemostasis and vascular tone, such as in response to prostacyclin and NO. Conversely, the role of TPbeta in such processes remains unsolved. Data herein provide essential new insights into the physiologic roles of TPalpha and TPbeta and, through studies in AoSMCs, reveal an additional mode of regulation of VSM contractile responses by TXA2. 550Scopus© Citations 31
- PublicationInteraction of angio-associated migratory cell protein with the TPα and TPβ isoforms of the human thromboxane A2 receptor(Elsevier, 2011-04)
; ; ; ;In humans, thromboxane (TX) A2 signals through the TPα and TPβ isoforms of its G-protein coupled TXA2 receptor (TP) to mediate a host of (patho)physiologic responses. Herein, angio-associated migratory cell protein (AAMP) was identified as a novel interacting partner of both TPα and TPβ through an interaction dependent on common (residues 312-328) and unique (residues 366-392 of TPβ) sequences within their carboxyl-terminal (C)-tail domains. While the interaction was constitutive in mammalian cells, agonist-stimulation of TPα/TPβ led to a transient dissociation of AAMP from immune complexes which coincided with a transient redistribution of AAMP from its localization in an intracellular fibrous network. Although the GTPase RhoA is a downstream effector of both AAMP and the TPs, AAMP did not influence TP-mediated RhoA or vice versa. Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated disruption of AAMP expression decreased migration of primary human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (1° hCoASMCs). Moreover, siRNA-disruption of AAMP significantly impaired 1° hCoASMC migration in the presence of the TXA2 mimetic U46619 but did not affect VEGF-mediated cell migration. Given their roles within the vasculature, the identification of a specific interaction between TPα/TPβ and AAMP is likely to have substantial functional implications for vascular pathologies in which they are both implicated. 1020Scopus© Citations 13