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- PublicationIndustrial development in Ireland, North and South : case studies of the textile and information technology sectorsThis paper follows from another study, which showed that the industrial structures in the Republic and Northern Ireland are very different—the former with a cluster of modern high technology sectors, the latter retaining its nineteenth-century specialization in more traditional sectors. However, the most important dynamic promoting increased intra-EU trade in the single market of the EU is associated with inter-firm trade in similar product areas rather than trade in finished goods. This two-way trade cannot easily take place between North and South, given contrasting production structures. In this paper we explore the history and the nature of this dichotomy, using two case studies as illustrations: the clothing and textile sector, which is mainly a northern area of specialization, and the computer sector, a primary focus of specialization in the South. We suggest that both regions face challenges that could be used to promote North-South links on the island for the first time in modern history.
- PublicationAn island economy or island economies? Ireland after the Belfast agreementThis paper examines economic progress in the island of Ireland in the context of its modern history, but with particular emphasis on the post cease-fire and post Belfast Agreement period, inquiring whether or not policy makers and businesses on the island have been able to build a more robust economy, benefiting from cross-border synergies as civil conflict faded into the background. In what way has an “island” economy emerged in the aftermath of internal Northern Ireland conflict, in the sense envisaged by business leaders such as Sir George Quigley and Liam Connellan in the early 1990s? In the absence of a strong “island” focus for the economies of North and South, are the two regions of the island likely to drift further apart and relate to the newly enlarged EU market in different ways? If an island economy does not emerge, has Northern Ireland any future other than as a lagging region of the UK? On the other hand, can Ireland sustain its role as an EU success story in the face of increasing competition from the new member states and from Asia?
- PublicationOn the causes of Ireland's unemployment(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 1991-01)
;This paper attempts to account for the rise in Irish unemployment between 1970 and 1987. To this end a fully articulated medium-term model of the economy is employed, in contrast to the four equation model of the labour market adopted by Newell and Symons (1990) in their recent study on the topic. The proximate causes identified in both cases include the swings in domestic fiscal policy, demographic factors and the shocks which buffeted the world economy. Our conclusions differ quite sharply form their, however, and the reasons for these differences are explored. 453
- PublicationLabour market performance in the EU periphery : lessons and implications(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 1994-03)
; ; ;The problems and challenges addressed in the Commission's White Paper on "Growth, Competitiveness, Employment" affects the peripheral member states acutely, and in a way that differs considerably from how the richer, more developed, core members are affected. To set the scene for our reflections on the White Paper, we briefly examine the economic context and the key stylised facts of the four main EU peripheral economies (Greece, Ireland, Portugal and Spain), and question whether much of the existing econometrics research literature presents a useful picture of how policies should be design to address their labour market and competitiveness problems. We then explore the relevance of the White Paper analysis and policy proposals, and deduce that a very different focus is required when moving from the core to the periphery. We conclude with an outline of the types of policy issues that arise in the periphery in assisting its transition to a higher level of development and a more satisfactory and robust labour market performance. 73
- PublicationNorth-south relations after the boom : the impact of the credit crunch on mutual relationships and understandings(University College Dublin. Institute for British-Irish Studies, 2009)
; ;Includes opening address by Martin Mansergh, keynote speech by Jeffrey Donaldson, and response by John Bradley. 122