Improving Log Loading Efficiency for Improved Sustainable Transport within the Irish Forest and Biomass Sector

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dc.contributor.author Sosa, Amanda
dc.contributor.author Klvac, Radomir
dc.contributor.author Coates, Enda
dc.contributor.author Kent, Tom
dc.contributor.author Devlin, Ger
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-01T12:32:41Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-01T12:32:41Z
dc.date.issued 2015-03-12
dc.identifier.citation Sustainability Journal en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10197/6457
dc.description.abstract In Ireland, timber and biomass haulage faces the challenge of transporting enough material within strict legal dimensions and gross vehicle weights restrictions for trucks and trailers. The objective of this study was to develop a method to control payload weight by knowing the moisture content of the wood. Weights, volumes, and moisture content were gathered from 100 truckloads of Sitka spruce pulpwood. Truck volume and weight utilization patterns were analyzed based on stacked volume, truck volume, and weights recorded from the weighbridge. Solid/bulk volume conversion factors for the truckloads were estimated indicating the truck’s solid volume capacity to be filled. Trucks were grouped into five conditions based on their configuration—volume capacity and legal maximum payload. A loaded volume fraction was estimated to assess the optimal volume capacity and stanchion height at which the trucks should be loaded. Results showed that 100% of the trucks presented volume underutilization, with a maximum of 27.5 m3 (only 39.85% volume capacity). In contrast, 67% of trucks were overweight while the remaining 33% were under the legal maximum weight. The average solid/bulk volume conversion factor was 0.66 ± 0.013 at 95% confidence level. Depending on the conditions, trucks can be filled to 100% of their volume capacity with wood at an MC from 29% to 55%. The minimum truck volume capacity utilization was 45%. This methodology can be used by truck hauliers, enabling them to determine in-forest the optimum volume and weight of wood to be transported by knowing the moisture content (MC), the wood specie, and using the height of the stanchions of the trailer as reference when loading the truck. en
dc.description.sponsorship Science Foundation Ireland en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher MDPI en
dc.subject Biomass log loading en
dc.subject Payload optimization en
dc.subject Legal maximum payload en
dc.subject Moisture management en
dc.subject Truck configurations en
dc.subject Ireland en
dc.title Improving Log Loading Efficiency for Improved Sustainable Transport within the Irish Forest and Biomass Sector en
dc.type Journal Article en
dc.internal.authorcontactother ger.devlin@ucd.ie
dc.internal.availability Full text available en
dc.internal.webversions http://www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability/special_issues/transportation-sustainability
dc.status Peer reviewed en
dc.identifier.volume 7 en
dc.identifier.issue 3 en
dc.identifier.startpage 3017 en
dc.identifier.endpage 3030 en
dc.identifier.doi 10.3390/su7033017
dc.neeo.contributor Sosa|Amanda|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Klvac|Radomir|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Coates|Enda|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Kent|Tom|aut|
dc.neeo.contributor Devlin|Ger|aut|
dc.description.othersponsorship CoFoRD Forest Energy Programme 2008/RD (National Council for Forest Research and Development in Ireland) en
dc.description.othersponsorship Charles Parsons Energy Research Program en
dc.internal.rmsid 363855414
dc.date.updated 2015-03-12T12:25:32Z


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