UCD Spatial Dynamics Lab Working Papers

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The Spatial Dynamics Lab has two main fields of enquiry, TechEvo & iSCAPE.

TechEvo aims to provide novel theories, methods and empirics that will significantly advance existing work and open up a new research frontier in science and technology studies, as well as support the development of new planning and forecasting tools for progressive strategic innovation policy.

The iSCAPE project works on integrating and advancing the control of air quality and carbon emissions in European cities in the context of climate change through the development of sustainable and passive air pollution remediation strategies, policy interventions and behavioural change initiatives.

For more information, please visit the official website.

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Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 5 of 19
  • Publication
    New Collaborations and Novel Innovations: The Role of Regional Brokerage and Collaboration Intensity
    (University College Dublin. Spatial Dynamics Lab, 2023-12-12) ; ;
    In this paper we investigate the role of brokers in the regional innovation network and its influence on innovative and collaborative outcomes. For this purpose, we make use of data from the European Patent Office and Eurostat in the period 1986-2015. We first build the regional collaboration network based on co-inventorship ties, then we identify the brokerage roles played by each region, using the original taxonomy proposed by Gould and Fernandez (1989), to disentangle their impact on innovation and collaboration. Finally, we investigate regional collaboration intensity and how it interacts with brokerage roles, highlighting its mediating effect. Our findings indicate that brokerage roles contribute to the extension of collaboration networks, but also that they are not efficient for the creation of innovation. Collaboration intensity, on the other hand, enhances both innovation and collaborative outcomes, and shows how a region can benefit from being a broker.
      35
  • Publication
    Geography and Branding in the Craft Beer Industry
    (University College Dublin. Spatial Dynamics Lab, 2023-10-24) ;
    Place-based branding strategies are important marketing tools for both regions and firms and take advantage of consumers’ embrace of the local in response to globalization. Craft brewing is a particularly salient user of these strategies and provides ample data. We find a strong, positive link between the number of place-based labels and a brewery’s rating, suggesting consumers are receptive to place-based branding.
      133
  • Publication
    Identifying the technological knowledge depreciation rate using patent citation data: a case study of the solar photovoltaic industry
    Technological knowledge can be created via R&D investments, but it can also be eroded through depreciation. Knowing how fast knowledge depreciates is important for various reasons for practitioners and decision makers alike; especially if it comes to questions regarding how to “recharge” knowledge production processes within an ever changing global system. In this study, we use patent citation data to identify technological knowledge depreciation rates by adjusting for exogenous citation inflation and by disentangling the preferential-attachment dynamics of citation growth. Solar photovoltaic (PV) technology is employed as a case study. The rates calculated with our method are comparable to the few available estimates on technology depreciation rates in the PV industry. One of the advantages of the proposed method is that its underlying data are more readily available, and thus more replicable for the study of the knowledge depreciation rates in other relevant technology fields.
      60Scopus© Citations 5
  • Publication
    The role of MNEs in the genesis and growth of a resilient entrepreneurial ecosystem
    This article reports on a longitudinal process study of the critical role of anchor MNEs in the metamorphosis of a high-tech industrial cluster into a local entrepreneurial ecosystem. It draws on entrepreneurial ecosystem and international business literatures to frame the study of the genesis and evolutionary processes of an entrepreneurial ecosystem that emerged from two MNE subsidiaries, both of which had evolved into advanced R&D centres of excellence around a technology specialism. It shows how multiple new venture spinouts by former MNE employees introduced technological heterogeneity that catalysed into a resilient entrepreneurial ecosystem. The theoretical and policy implications that can be drawn from this case study emphasize the existence of both technology specialism and heterogeneity for resilience in an entrepreneurial ecosystem, and that reaching such a position is evolutionary in nature.
      119Scopus© Citations 35
  • Publication
    Regional knowledge spaces: the interplay of entry-relatedness and entry-potential for technological change and growth
    This paper aims to uncover the mechanism of how the network properties of regional knowledge spaces contribute to technological change from the perspective of regional knowledge entry-relatedness and regional knowledge entry-potential. Entry-relatedness, which has been previously employed to investigate the technology evolution of regional economies, is advanced by introducing a knowledge gravity model. The entry-potential of a newly acquired regional specialisation has been largely ignored in the relevant literature; surprisingly given the high relevance that is attributed to the recombination potential of new capabilities. In other words, just adding new knowledge domains to a system is not sufficient alone, it really depends on how these fit into the existing system and thus can generate wider economic benefits. Based on an empirical analysis of EU-15 Metro and non-Metro regions from 1981 to 2015, we find that entry-relatedness has a significant negative association with novel inventive activities, while entry-potential has a significant positive association with the development of novel products and processes of economic value. This highlights that regions’ capacity to venture into high-potential areas of technological specialization in the knowledge space outperforms purely relatedness driven diversification that is frequently promoted in the relevant literature.
      54Scopus© Citations 9