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- PublicationAmmonia emissions from agriculture and their contribution to fine particulate matter: A review of implications for human health(Elsevier, 2022-12-01)Atmospheric ammonia (NH3) released from agriculture is contributing significantly to acidification and atmospheric NH3 may have on human health is much less readily available. The potential direct impact of NH3 on the health of the general public is under-represented in scientific literature, though there have been several studies which indicate that NH3 has a direct effect on the respiratory health of those who handle livestock. These health impacts can include a reduced lung function, irritation to the throat and eyes, and increased coughing and phlegm expulsion. More recent studies have indicated that agricultural NH3 may directly influence the early on-set of asthma in young children. In addition to the potential direct impact of ammonia, it is also a substantial contributor to the fine particulate matter (PM2.5) fraction (namely the US and Europe); where it accounts for the formation of 30% and 50% of all PM2.5 respectively. PM2.5 has the ability to penetrate deep into the lungs and cause long term illnesses such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Hence, PM2.5 causes economic losses which equate to billions of dollars (US) to the global economy annually. Both premature deaths associated with the health impacts from PM2.5 and economic losses could be mitigated with a reduction in NH3 emissions resulting from agriculture. As agriculture contributes to more than 81% of all global NH3 emissions, it is imperative that food production does not come at a cost to the world's ability to breathe; where reductions in NH3 emissions can be easier to achieve than other associated pollutants.
29Scopus© Citations 5
- PublicationPROTECT(University College Dublin, 2022-09-09)The PROTECT Training Network develops and integrates modelling capabilities to assess the effects of climate change on food safety. This comic is aimed at primary school children (ages 6 years upwards) to illustrate the main concepts and outcomes from the PROTECT Training Network in an uncomplicated and fun way.
- PublicationEstimating the current area of European tillage systems occupied by tramlines and a potential approach for the cultivation of this underutilised area(Elsevier, 2020-09)The global population is growing by 200,000 people per day. In order to provide enough food for this growing populous sustainable intensification methods need to be adopted. The use of technology, and in particular UAVs, may be one of these methods. The use of UAVs for the completion of agricultural tasks such as fertilising and spraying may negate the need for tramlines in European tillage systems. In the present study the amount of land currently occupied by tramlines was determined in an effort to ascertain the potential amount of combinable crop products that could be achieved if this area was utilised. The results of this study found that 3.42% of a field with a 24 m bout width is occupied by tramlines. By using this area for the cultivation of crops an additional 8.14 Mt worth €1.43 billion could be produced. This additional product could provide enough calories to feed 29.5 million people per year.
23Scopus© Citations 2