Masculine Capital, Homophobia and Homoerotism

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Title: Masculine Capital, Homophobia and Homoerotism
Authors: Vasquez del Aguila, Ernesto
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Date: 2014
Online since: 2019-04-18T08:37:37Z
Abstract: Masculinity is a constantly changing collection of norms and meanings embedded in gender relations between men and women, and among men (Kimmel, 2005). Masculinity is composed of many masculinities, always struggling for power and dominance in inter- and intra-gender relations. In every society there is a hierarchy of masculinities with versions of being a man that are encouraged and others that are forbidden. Masculinity varies across time and cultures, and also different versions of masculinity can coexist within the same group. Masculinity is created through discourses and repeated performances in eeryday life, and as a social construct, it is always subject to change. Masculinity is something that men have to achieve through performances. Men construct their gender identities through tests and rites of passage to the "man's world", through the demonstration of male achievements such as the ability to protect and provide resources for the household (Gutmann, 1997; Borneman, 2010). These gender performances are usually part of male sociability in which a mans has to "become a man" through the rejection of the feminine world and homosexual practices. Hence, masculinity is constructed through the rejection of femininity and homosexual practices. Young men have to constantly demonstrate that they embrace "proper boyhood" through cultural resources such as social relations, sexual performances, humor, vioence, and physicality (Mannien et al., 2011). Boys and men come to know what it means to be a man in a particular culture by setting definintions in opposition to a set of others: racial minorities, sexual minorities, and above all, women (Kimmel, 2005).
Type of material: Book Chapter
Publisher: Liguori Editore
Copyright (published version): 2014 Liguori Editore
Keywords: Masculine capitalMasculinityHomoerotism
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Language: en
Status of Item: Not peer reviewed
Is part of: Amodeo, A.L.., Valerio, P. (eds.). Hermes: Linking Network to Fight Sexual and Gender Stigma
ISBN: 9788820752668
Appears in Collections:Social Policy, Social Work and Social Justice Research Collection

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