Sampling Methodology to Maximize the Efficient Use of National Abattoir Surveillance: Using Archived Sera to Substantiate Freedom From Bluetongue Virus Infection in Ireland
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|Title:||Sampling Methodology to Maximize the Efficient Use of National Abattoir Surveillance: Using Archived Sera to Substantiate Freedom From Bluetongue Virus Infection in Ireland||Authors:||Tratalos, Jamie A.; Barrett, Damien J.; Clegg, Tracy A.; McGrath, Guy; More, Simon John; et al.||Permanent link:||http://hdl.handle.net/10197/10602||Date:||24-Oct-2018||Online since:||2019-05-22T09:14:51Z||Abstract:||In recent years, there has been increasing recognition of the value of multiple data sources available to fulfill surveillance objectives, and the use of these has been applied to address many questions relating to animal health surveillance. In Ireland, we face a slightly different problem, namely, best use of an existing surveillance resource (serological samples collected over many years from cull cows at slaughter), which has been used to substantiate freedom from Brucella abortus following its successful eradication in 2009. In this study, we evaluate a sampling methodology to use this resource to substantiate freedom from bluetongue virus (BTV) infection. An examination of the degree to which cull cows were resident in the same herd throughout the midge biting season showed that, of 50,640 samples collected between 17 October and 23 December 2016, 80.2% were from animals resident in the same herd between 01 April 2016 and 2 months prior to their slaughter date, 74.1% for 1 month prior, 70.1% for 2 weeks prior, 66.4% for 1 week prior, and 56.4% up to 1 day prior to slaughter. An examination was made of the degree to which individual samples within the same 88-well frozen storage block came from geographically clustered herds, whether from a concentration of animals from the same herd in a single block, or from clustering around the slaughterhouse where the samples were taken. On the basis of these analyses, a sampling strategy was derived aimed at minimizing the number of storage blocks which needed to be thawed, whilst ensuring a large enough and representative sample, geographically stratified according to the bovine population of 51 squares, each 45 × 45 km, covering the entirety of Ireland. None of the 503 samples tested were positive for BTV, providing reassurance of national BTV freedom. More broadly, the study demonstrates the use of abattoir-based serological samples collected for one large scale surveillance programme in surveillance for other bovine infections.||Type of material:||Journal Article||Publisher:||Frontiers||Journal:||Frontiers in Veterinary Science||Volume:||5||Issue:||Article 261||Start page:||1||End page:||9||Copyright (published version):||2018 the Authors||Keywords:||Bluetongue; Surveillance; Freedom from disease; Serology; Ireland; Sampling||DOI:||10.3389/fvets.2018.00261||Language:||en||Status of Item:||Peer reviewed|
|Appears in Collections:||Veterinary Medicine Research Collection|
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