In Search of the Female Bandit in the Novel of the Mexican Revolution: The case of la Pintada

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Title: In Search of the Female Bandit in the Novel of the Mexican Revolution: The case of la Pintada
Authors: Baker, Pascale
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Date: 2012
Abstract: In bandit novels from Latin America in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries there is a notable lack of female bandit figures, both real and imagined (especially in leading roles). However, the character la Pintada, in Mariano Azuela's seminal novel of the Mexican Revolution, Los de abajo (1915), defies the notion that women bandits did not exist or that if they did they were merely followers of male bandit chiefs. A forceful character, Pintada embodies the role of the soldada, as she actively engages in raids, rather than conform to the soldadera stereotype, that of the woman who accompanied the soldiers in their campaigns in a servile role. Pintada, a natural leader, challenges band chief Demetrio, and leaves without punishment after committing murder. This paper explores the idea that rather than being one of the Revolution's victims, Pintada can be seen to be one of its beneficiaries, a brash northerner representing the new modern Mexico that would wrest control in the post-revolutionary period. ---Las novelas de bandidos de Latinoamérica en los siglos XIX y XX reflejan una ausencia notable de 'bandidas', especialmente en los papeles principales, tanto reales como imaginarios. Sin embargo, el personaje la Pintada en la novela fundamental de la Revolución Mexicana, Los de abajo (1915) de Mariano Azuela, desafía la creencia de que no existían bandidas o que sólo eran seguidoras de bandidos. Poseedora de un carácter fuerte, la Pintada parece ser una soldada y no se somete al estereotipo de la soldadera, en un rol servil, como acompañante de los combatientes. La Pintada es una líder natural y desafía a Demetrio, el jefe bandido y abandona al grupo, después de haber cometido un asesinato sin castigo alguno. Este artículo explora la idea de la Pintada como beneficiaria de la Revolución, en vez de ser una víctima. Ella es una norteña descarada que representa al nuevo mexicano que tomará el poder durante el periodo posrevolucionario.
Type of material: Journal Article
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
Journal: Bulletin of Hispanic Studies
Volume: 89
Issue: 7
Start page: 721
End page: 736
Copyright (published version): 2012 Liverpool University Press
Keywords: BandidasMexican RevolutionMexican nationalismLa PintadaLos de abajo
DOI: 10.3828/bhs.2012.55
Language: en
Status of Item: Peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Languages, Cultures and Linguistics Research Collection

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