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- PublicationIntegrating local languages and cultures into the education system of French Guiana: A discussion of current programs and initiativesIn this paper we present and critically assess three programs that are currently running in French Guiana. They aim to integrate local languages and cultures into the local education system that is otherwise identical to that of Metropolitan France. We discuss and compare their emergence, development and the premises, assumptions and approaches on which they are based. The paper argues that while all three initiatives make an important contribution towards questioning the educational monopoly of French and towards adapting the education system to the local context, their impact current ly remains limited. This is in large part due to a lack of a concerted will on the part of the education system to undertake far-reaching change and program-inherent problems.
- PublicationLangues de Guyane et langues parlees en GuyaneSur le plan linguistique, la Guyane offre une grande diversité en termes de types de langues présentes sur son territoire comme en termes de situations d’utilisation des langues. Si l’on excepte les familles métropolitaines (estimées à moins de 10% de la population) et les familles créoles, traditionnellement bilingues (français-créole), la Guyane constitue dans le contexte français un cas particulier pour ce qui est des questions linguistiques: les populations traditionnelles et les populations migrantes sont majoritairement non francophones, et leurs langues premières continuent à jouer un rôle important dans la vie quotidienne guyanaise.
- PublicationLooking at Language, Identity, and Mobility in SurinameThis book aims at revisiting the social and linguistic context of contemporary Suriname and shifting attention away from the purely historical and anthropological construction of Surinamese reality to look instead at language practices in Suriname through the lens of identity construction, mobility patterns, linguistic ideology and multilingualism. The three main themes we engage in this book, language, identity and mobility overlap in several aspects, though the link between language and social identity would likely seem the most obvious for most people.
- PublicationAssessing the Sociolinguistic Situation of the Maroon CreolesRecent anthropological and socio-historical research on Maroon populations suggests that Maroon communities have undergone significant social change since the 1960s spurred by processes of urbanization. However, to date very little is known about how these social changes are impacting on the Maroon Creoles as there is very little sociolinguistic research being carried out in the region. The aim of this paper is to examine the sociolinguistic context of the Maroon Creoles in the light of data from two recent sociolinguistic surveys carried out in Suriname and French Guiana. The findings demonstrate that the sociolinguistic status of Maroon languages has undergone various changes. Several of them are now well represented in French Guiana and, as additional languages, are gaining speakers both in Suriname and French Guiana. While their speakers increasingly practice them together with other languages, thus displaying their multilingual repertoire, there is little indication that their survival is threatened because their speakers predominantly hold positive attitudes towards them.
470Scopus© Citations 11
- PublicationLanguage Practices and Linguistic Ideologies in Suriname: Results from a School SurveyThis chapter aims to take a first step towards improving our understanding of Suriname’s contemporary linguistic context. It is based on the results of a recent sociolinguistic survey carried out among primary school children in Suriname. We consider two types of mobility, geographic and socio-cultural mobility.
Scopus© Citations 1 335
- PublicationQue recouvre le terme taki-taki? Fantasmes et réalités (socio)linguistiques
- PublicationLanguage naming practices, ideologies and linguistic practices: Toward a comprehensive description of language varietiesAlthough it is well accepted that linguistic naming conventions provide valuable insights into the social and linguistic perceptions of people, this topic has not received much attention in sociolinguistics. Studies focus on the etymology of names, details about the social and historical circumstances of their emergence, and their users, and sometimes make recommendations about the appropriateness of terms. This article departs from this tradition. Focusing on the term 'Takitaki' in French Guiana, it shows that an analysis of the discursive uses of language names by all local actors provides significant insights into the social and linguistic makeup of a complex sociolinguistic situation. Descriptions of languages in such settings should be based on the varieties identified by such an analysis and on practices in a range of naturalistic interactions. Based on these analytical steps, the authors propose a multi-perspective approach to language documentation.
Scopus© Citations 28 656
- PublicationCreoles in education: A discussion of pertinent issuesThe last three decades have seen a steady increase in the use of Pidgin and Creole (P/C) languages in public life. In many P/C-speaking communities, P/C are now widely used in health education, vocational training, political campaigning and in the media. These developments demonstrate – if it has to be demonstrated at all – that P/Cs are viable means of communication and are well able to express as wide a range of issues as the European languages with which they coexist.
- PublicationLangues et créoles en GuyaneGuyane. Les locuteurs des langues qu’on dit parfois marronnes sont les descendants des esclaves en fuite des plantations (ou Marrons) et à chaque langue correspond un groupe ethnique traditionnel (Aluku, Ndyuka, Pamaka, Saamaka). Les locuteurs des trois premiers groupes utilisent souvent le terme nenge ou nengee pour faire reference à leur langue et le terme nengre pour renvoyer au sranan tongo.
- PublicationLanguage and colonialism: Applied linguistics in the context of creole communitiesThe literature on colonialism tends to focus on Europe’s economic exploitation of many regions and peoples around the world and Europeans’ use of excessive force towards the latter. While these issues are undoubtedly of great importance, it is equally important to understand the cultural and specifically the linguistic and discursive practices that came to be associated with European colonial rule. These practices played an instrumental role in assigning low prestige to non-European languages and cultures, including cultural and linguistic forms that emerged due to Europe’s colonial expansion, and in establishing the superiority of the coloniser’s language and culture .