Ó Gráda, Cormac
Ó Gráda, Cormac
Ó Gráda, Cormac
Now showing 1 - 10 of 202
- PublicationArtisanal Skills, Watchmaking, and the Industrial Revolution: Prescot and BeyondThe role of skills and human capital during England’s Industrial Revolution is the subject of an old but still ongoing debate. This paper contributes to the debate by assessing the artisanal skills of watchmakers and watch tool makers in southwest Lancashire in the eighteenth century and their links to apprenticeship. The flexibility of the training regime and its evolution are discussed, as is the decline of the industry.
- Publication‘Better off thrown behind a ditch’ Enniskillen Workhouse during the Great Famine
- PublicationIntroduction to Special Issue of Food and Foodways(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2004-05)
- PublicationMigration as disaster relief : lessons from the Great Irish FamineMass emigration was one key feature of the Great Irish Famine which distinguishes it from today's famines. By bringing famine victims to overseas food supplies, it undoubtedly saved many lives. Poverty traps prevented those most in need from availing of this form of relief, however. Cross-county data show that the ratio of emigration to deaths was higher in richer than in poorer counties. Another key feature of the Famine emigration was that it was irreversible. The Famine thus had a permanent impact on Ireland's population and economy, whereas typically famines only reduce population in a transitory fashion. Famine emigration spurred post-Famine emigration by eliminating poverty traps; the result was a sustained decline in the Irish population, and a convergence of living standards both within Ireland and between Ireland and the rest of the world.
- PublicationThe New York Irish in the 1850s : locked in by poverty?(University College Dublin, School of Economics, 2005-11)
- PublicationPrecocious Albion: a new interpretation of the British industrial revolutionWhy was Britain the cradle of the Industrial Revolution? Answers vary: some focus on resource endowments, some on institutions, some on the role of empire. In this paper, we argue for the role of labour force quality or human capital. Instead of dwelling on mediocre schooling and literacy rates, we highlight instead the physical condition of the average British worker and his higher endowment of skills. These advantages meant that British workers were more productive and better paid than their Continental counterparts and better equipped to capitalize on the technological opportunities and challenges confronting them. non-peer-reviewed
- PublicationLiving standards and plague in London, 1560–1665We use individual records of 920,000 burials and 630,000 baptisms to reconstruct the spatial and temporal patterns of birth and death in London from 1560 to 1665, a period dominated by recurrent plague. The plagues of 1563, 1603, 1625, and 1665 appear of roughly equal magnitude, with deaths running at five to six times their usual rate, but the impact on wealthier central parishes falls markedly through time. Tracking the weekly spread of plague before 1665 we find a consistent pattern of elevated mortality spreading from the same northern suburbs. Looking at the seasonal pattern of mortality, we find that the characteristic autumn spike associated with plague continued into the early 1700s. Given that individual cases of plague and typhus are frequently indistinguishable, claims that plague suddenly vanished after 1665 should be treated with caution. Natural increase improved as smaller plagues disappeared after 1590, but fewer than half of those born survived childhood.
- PublicationFifty Years a-Growing: Economic History and Demography in the ESR(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2019-08)This paper surveys publications in the fields of economic history and demography in the ESR since 1969. Numbering sixty in all, they cover a broad chronological and thematic range. Some of these papers never attracted much notice, but stand as useful sources for future historians. A few have become classics.
- PublicationCatholic families weren't always bigger : religion, wealth, and fertility in rural Ulster before 1911(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 1984-02)