Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Publication
    Performance analysis of a pilot-scale membrane aerated biofilm reactor for the treatment of landfill leachate
    A 60 L membrane aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) was successfully employed to treat landfill leachate, which contained very high concentrations of refractory chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonium. Air or pure oxygen was supplied to the bioreactor through polydimethyl siloxane hollow fibre membranes. Over a year of operation with an average hydraulic retention time of about 5 days, and influent ammonium concentrations ranging from 500 to 2500 mg/L, the MABR achieved 80–99% nitrification. Simultaneously, the influent COD concentrations which ranged from 1000 to 3000 mg/L were reduced by approximately 200–500 mg/L. Oxygen transfer rates as high as 35 g O2/m2-day were achieved during the study. By operating at low gas flowrates, high oxygen transfer efficiencies were achieved without any negative impact on oxygen transfer rates. This suggested that the biofilm was not oxygen limited during this study. The very low gas flowrates and the low pressure losses required to move air through the membranes resulted in very high standard aeration efficiencies that exceeded 10 kg O2/kW h. The results indicate that mixing energy far exceeded that required for aeration in this study. Our results suggest that with process optimisation, MABR technology offers a low energy option for effective leachate treatment.
      914Scopus© Citations 72
  • Publication
    Comparative economic analysis of full scale MABR configurations
    The membrane-aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) is a technology that can deliver oxygen at high rates and transfer efficiencies. This paper provides a comparative cost analysis of the MABR compared to the activated sludge process. Membrane cost and electricity cost were found to be the critical parameters determining the relative feasibility of the conventional process to the membrane based process. The general downward trend in the market price of membranes and the steady increase in energy costs in recent years may prove to be a strong driver for the further development of this technology.
  • Publication
    Hydrodynamics and gas transfer performance of confined hollow fibre membrane modules with the aid of computational fluid dynamics
    The use of gas permeable membranes for bubbleless aeration is of increasing interest due to the energy savings it affords in wastewater treatment applications. However, flow maldistributions are a major factor in the impedance of mass transfer efficiency. In this study, the effect of module configuration on the hydrodynamic conditions and gas transfer properties of various submerged hollow fibre bundles was investigated. Flow patterns and velocity profiles within fibre bundles were predicted numerically using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and the model was validated by tracer-response experiments. In addition, the effect of fibre spacing and bundle size on the aeration rate of various modules was evaluated experimentally. Previous studies typically base performance evaluations on the liquid inlet velocity or an average velocity, an approach which neglects the effect of geometric features within modules. The use of validated CFD simulations provides more detailed information for performance assessment. It was shown that specific oxygen transfer rates declines significantly with increasing numbers of fibres in a bundle. However, the same trend was not observed when the fibre spacing is increased. A correlation was proposed for the prediction of the overall mass transfer coefficient utilizing the local velocity values obtained from the validated CFD model.
      684Scopus© Citations 18