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  • Publication
    Anisotropic heisenberg quantum spin chains: excitations and neutron-scattering cross sections
    (University College Dublin. School of Physics, 2015)
    The research presented here focuses on the theoretical investigation of spinons in quasi one-dimensional quantum spin chains from the perspective of neutron scattering, with emphasis placed on the calculation of dynamic spin structure factors for both unpolarised and polarised incident neutrons. Two anisotropic versions of the Heisenberg spin chain are considered for such an examination: the spin-$1/2$ antiferromagnetic $XXZ$ model and the spin-$1/2$ ferromagnetic $XYZ$ model.The $XYZ$ model supports spinon scattering (modelled at finite temperature) and is related to the so-called Villain mode. The introduction of a perturbation in the form of an external transverse magnetic field or Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) leads to the emergence of incommensurability in the system; such a result is a signature of fractional excitations. The presence of these interactions also give rise to a chiral response associated with the spinons in the polarised term of the scattering cross section. The inelastic scattering cross section is computed for both unpolarised and polarised neutrons.In relation to the antiferromagnetic $XXZ$ model, emphasis is on spinon pair creation (modelled at $T = 0\ {\rm K}$). Motivated by the presence of a chiral response in the case of the $XYZ$ model mentioned above, a new technique is developed in order to incorporate DMI and the transverse magnetic field so that one can determine if there is a chiral property associated with the two-spinon system. This technique is numerical in nature and is based on Green function methods. Using the results produced by the Green function approach, the inelastic cross section in the presence of an external transverse magnetic field is computed for the first time. The result is compared with experimental neutron scattering data; good agreement is demonstrated between theory and experiments on ${\rm CsCoBr}_3$.Finally, the Green function approach is generalised to account for the interactions between spin chains in magnetic compounds described by a staggered field. Various dynamic structure factors are computed for this scenario with results compared to experiment; good agreement between the theory and experiments on ${\rm RbCoCl}_3$ is shown.