Madden, David (David Patrick)
Madden, David (David Patrick)
Madden, David (David Patrick)
Now showing 1 - 10 of 74
- PublicationThe Base of Party Political Support in Ireland: An Update(Economic & Social Studies, 2020-03-25)A recent paper by Madden used concentration indices to examine the bases of party support in Ireland in the 2011 election. This note updates this work to incorporate the 2016 election using the latest wave of ESS data. The results show that in terms of the bases of party supports many of the features of the “earthquake election” of 2011 remain, in particular the widely differing support bases for Fine Gael and Sinn Fein. Concentration indices with respect to income show little change from the 2011 election. However, there is some evidence that the support base for Fianna Fail in 2016 was older and less well-educated than in 2011, with the change in support base for Fine Gael over the same period a mirror image.
- PublicationTaxation, debt and the public finances(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2000-08)
- PublicationDistributional characteristics for Ireland : a note(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2009-08)The distributional characteristic is a measure which can be used in many applications in social cost-benefit analysis. In the application here, the distributional characteristics of a number of broad aggregates of goods are calculated for Ireland. These calculations can aid in assessing the distributional implications of price and tax changes.
- PublicationLabour Market Discrimination on the Basis of Health: An Application to UK Data(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 1999-06)This paper carries out an analysis of wage discrimination on the basis of health on UK data with a number of important modifications. First we control for selection into health status. Second the direct effect of health upon productivity is accounted for and third, we examine discrimination with regard to participation as well as wages. The question of selection into health status is found to be of little empirical importance but taking account of the direct impact of health upon productivity leads to a fall in measured discrimination. The paper finds similar results with regard to participation. We also examine whether these effects differ across age and also test for the statistical significance of discrimination.
- PublicationDoctors’ fees in Ireland following the change in reimbursement : did they jump(Economic and Social Research Institute, 2007)This paper analyses the pure time-series properties of doctors’ fees in Ireland to assess whether a structural change in the series is observed at the time of the change in reimbursement in 1989. Such a break would be consistent with doctors responding to the reimbursement change in a manner predicted by supplier-induced-demand behaviour and would provide indirect evidence that such inducement had taken place. Structural change is assessed on the basis of CUSUM and CUSUMSQ tests. The data is also analysed for the presence of unusually influential observations. In neither case are the results consistent with a break around the time of the introduction of the change.
- PublicationResults from a preliminary investigation into the reform of indirect taxation in Ireland(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 1992)
- PublicationHealth and Wealth on the Roller-Coaster: Ireland, 2003-2011(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2013-05)This paper reviews developments in income and health poverty in Ireland over the 2003-2011 period using data from the Survey of Income and Living Conditions (SILC). It also examines developments in the correlation between the two. Income poverty fell up to and including 2009, after which this trend is reversed. Health poverty shows less of a trend over the period though there is some evidence of a reduction in health inequality from 2006. Movements in bi-dimensional poverty are mostly driven by income poverty, but there is evidence of a reduction in the correlation between health and income poverty over the period.
- PublicationSample selection versus two-part models revisited : the case of female smoking and drinking(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2006-04)There is a well-established debate between Heckman sample selection and two-part models in health econometrics, particularly when no obvious exclusion restrictions are available. Most of this debate has focussed on the application of these models to health care expenditure. This paper revisits the debate in the context of female smoking and drinking, and evaluates the two approaches on three grounds: theoretical, practical and statistical. The two-part model is generally favoured but it is stressed that this comparison should be carried out on a case-by-case basis.
- PublicationGender differences in mental well-being : a decomposition analysis(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2008-01)The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) is frequently used as a measure of mental well-being. A consistent pattern across countries is that women report lower levels of mental well-being, as measured by the GHQ. This paper applies decomposition techniques to Irish data for 1994 and 2000 to examine the factors lying behind the gender differences in GHQ score. For 1994 most of the difference is accounted for by characteristics while in 2000 most of the difference arises from returns to characteristics. The issue of path dependence, or choice of reference group, is shown to be important, mostly arising from the differing effect of principal economic status on men and women.
- PublicationThe Socioeconomic Gradient of Cognitive Test Scores: Evidence from Two Cohorts of Irish Children(University College Dublin. School of Economics, 2020-06)There is a well-established socioeconomic gradient in cognitive test scores for children. This gradient emerges at very early ages and there is also some evidence that it can widen as children age. We investigate this phenomenon with two longitudinal cohorts of Irish children who take such tests at ages ranging from 9 months to 17 years, using maternal education and equivalised income as our measure of socioeconomic resources. The gradient is observed from about 3 years and there is some tentative evidence that it widens as children get older. We have evidence on a wide range of tests and there is some evidence that the gradient is slightly stronger for tests involving crystalised as opposed to fluid intelligence. Exploiting the longitudinal nature of the data, we also investigate mobility across the distribution of test scores and there is some evidence that such mobility is less among poorer children raising the disturbing possibility that such children could become trapped in low achievement.