Now showing 1 - 10 of 56
- PublicationRestorative responses to sexual violence: an introductionSexual violence, in all its forms, is a crime for which anecdotal accounts and scholarly reports suggest victims in their great majority do not receive adequate 'justice' or redress. The theory and practice of restorative justice is rapidly developing and offers some well-argued new avenues for dealings with crime in general. It has the potential to be extended to cases of sexual violence and a number of small scale programmes are already underway across the world.Restorative Responses to Sexual Violence examines this innovative justice paradigm in more depth in the particular context of sexual trauma and violence in order to establish the empirical realities of restorative justice approaches in cases of sexual violence, and considers how such approaches could be developed adequately in the future. This book is divided into two parts, each representing a key area of research and practice: theoretical and conceptual frameworks, and justice and therapeutic perspectives.This international collection brings together leading expert scholars and practitioners to offer both theoretical and practical perspectives on restorative justice and sexual violence. This book will be of interest to researchers in the field of law, criminology, psychology, social science, social work and psychotherapy, as well as practitioners in the fields of criminal justice, restorative justice and sex offender and victim trauma therapies.
- PublicationSexual Trauma and Abuse: Restorative and Transformative Possibilities?(2014-12-01)Is there a need for Innovative Justice Mechanisms as well as Conventional Justice Mechanisms in cases of Sexual Crime?
- PublicationThe AIM Restorative Practice and Harmful Sexual Behaviour Assessment Framework and Practice Guidance(Eleven, 2022-03-31)This book provides a depth of practice guidance, and an assessment framework, for restorative practice in situations involving harmful sexual behaviour (HSB) by children and adolescents
- PublicationTrauma Informed, Victim Initiated, Victim Focused RJ after Serious HarmAn increasing number of studies demonstrate the prevalence and understand of trauma and how it works. It is therefore not surprising that "trauma-informed practice" is gaining momentum in areas such as health, education, and legal services. While the concept has also found its way into restorative justice discourses a common argument is that restorative justice has always been inherently trauma-informed and therefore the theory and practice of restorative justice does not require adaptations in light of emerging knowledge. But is this really the case? In this first part of this presentation, we examine this assumption. We also outline the implications of recent scholarship on trauma-informed practice for the theory and practice of restorative justice. When restorative justice emerged in the early 1990s it was offered mainly to youth rather than adult offenders, and serious interpersonal crime was largely excluded. Much of the early research focused on its efficacy to reduce youth offending and the practices were largely diversionary, and offender focused. Not enough examined the victim experience. To what extent these practice and research legacies impede societal acceptance of restorative justice for adult crime involving serious harm against the person is examined in the second part of the presentation. Using sexual crime perpetrated by adults against child or adult victims this presentation considers the role of victim initiated, victim focused, restorative justice in the case of adult victims and offenders and considers its implications for the theory and practice of restorative justice and the potential benefits of such change in thinking.
- PublicationSexual Abuse and the Catholic Church(Manchester University Press, 2014-11)The clergy abuse situation in Ireland is often seen as unique, in part because of the close relationship between the Irish Church and the new Irish state founded in 1922. It is also thought to be unique since the Irish surnames of the Irish diaspora, some of whom are priests and bishops in the United States, Canada and Australia, have been listed in abuse cases in those countries. This has raised questions about the oppressive power of the Catholic Church in Ireland and its influence on the Irish political process. Questions have been raised about the Irish ‘culture of deference’ and how this related to the abuse situation. Some wonder if the Church and state worked separately and together in covering up the sexual abuse of Irish children. Some also wonder if ‘Irish’ Catholicism has peculiar features, which when exported throughout the world, contributed to the abuse of children by Catholic clergy. As a mono-cultural society, rendering Ireland ‘the most Catholic country in the world’ , the Catholic Church, once considered the ultimate arbiter of morality has found itself on the margins of influence in Irish public life
- PublicationSenior Diocesan Officials and the Murphy Report(2013-01-01)This article focuses on the social shaping of commissions of investigations and how these factors influenced the Murphy Report (2009). It presents new research with senior diocesan officials in the Dublin Diocese on their experiences during the Murphy Commission of Investigation, the publication of the report and their reflections on the whole experience.
- PublicationThem and Us: Talking about perpetrators of Sexual Violence(2015-10-29)Sexual crime is a highly under-reported form of personal violence and therefore the true prevalence of sexual crime is unknown. However, by any standards this represents a significant public health and public policy concern.
- PublicationCaring About the Welfare of Catholic Clergy: My Perspective(Messenger Publications, 2012-10-01)A recent issue of Studies carried a review of my book, Child Sexual Abuse and the Catholic Church: Gender, Power and Organizational Culture, published this year by Oxford University Press . The reviewer, Fr Leon Ó Giolláin SJ, a chaplain in University College Dublin, where I work myself, offered readers his perspective on my contribution to this complex and difficult chapter in the church’s history. I remain humbled that Studies should publish a review of my work but I am very unhappy that Fr Ó Giolláin, basing his critique on flawed argument and a misreading of my work, departed from academic norms and from the spirit of Studies to launch what seemed a deeply personal attack on the integrity of my scholarship. At the very least, I believe that he made a fundamental error in failing to distinguish adequately in his argument between my new research, some of which is presented and discussed in part 3 of the book, from my more general review of other people’s work - the empirical, theoretical and theological state of the field - which is offered in parts 1 and 2, so that he conflates both as 'her study' and, in my view, confuses readers in the process. It is clear that he feels deeply about many aspects of this topic, but it is my review of the literature on the sexual behaviour of ‘normal’ clergy, my treatise of mandatory celibacy and my views on seminary formation, that seem to cause him most distress.
- PublicationSexual Trauma and Abuse: Restorative and Transformative Possibilities?(University College Dublin. School of Applied Social Science, 2014-11-27)At the time the National Commission on Restorative Justice reported in 2009, it said "While no offence should in principle be excluded from the restorative process, certain serious offences such as sexual assaults should be excluded from the initial phases of implementation". The evidence from the research presented in this study indicates that this cautious approach to restorative justice in sexual crime is now no longer appropriate.
- PublicationSexual Trauma and Abuse, Restorative and Transformative Possibilities(2014-11-14)In 2009 as part of an Irish NGO, Facing Forward, whose aim is to establish restorative justice in Ireland as a way of responding to crime, I proposed the idea of establishing a research project on restorative justice and sexual vio lence that would ‘begin a national conversation’ as well as privilege the voices of those whose lives had been most affected by sexual trauma and sexual crime. This paper tells the story of that research, from its beginnings to its end, and it presents the research findings. A low budget project, the research has drawn upon 2000 voluntary hours of researchers’ time and nine months of full time work by six graduate interns working on a government funded jobBridge programme. The most important decision made a long the research journey was to invite a survivor of sexual violence to be the Research Consultant. A lack was the decision not to invite a former offender into a similar role. Three questions guided the project as we inquired into the unmet needs of vict im/survivors and offenders following their involvement in criminal justice, civil justice and other therapy and justice systems; the need for a restorative justice programme in the aftermath of sexual violence in Ireland, and the perspective of the partici pants on the specifics of a restorative programme design. One hundred and fifty three two - to - three hour qualitative interviews were recorded, transcribed and analysed with twenty nine victim survivors, twenty three offenders, in custodial and community set tings, the families of both, judges and legal professionals, police officers, probation officers, therapists, mediators, NGOs for victims and offenders, senior politicians and print and broadcast media. The analysis of these data forms the basis of the pap er. The outcome of the research is clear: there are many unmet needs of victim survivors and offenders following their involvement in criminal justice and other systems and there is a need for restorative justice in the aftermath of sexual crime in Ireland . However, in building such a programme that is informed by the international literature but based on the views of the key actors, professionals have much to learn. This paper offers their perspective.