Now showing 1 - 10 of 58
  • Publication
    Sexual violence and restorative practices in Belgium, Ireland and Norway: a thematic analysis of country variations
    The article compares and contrasts the provision of some restorative practices in cases of sexual violence in three European countries: Belgium, Ireland and Norway. It begins by briefly outlining efforts to address the ‘justice gap’ experienced by victims of sexual violence within conventional justice systems. The article points to calls for the development of alternative or complementary innovative justice responses to sexual violence. It suggests that restorative justice advocates believe they can deliver a participatory, empowering and flexible form of restorative justice, which can run in tandem with conventional criminal justice processes. However, it is noted that the application of restorative approaches to cases of sexual violence has engendered some controversy. The article points to considerable inter-country divergence in the extent to which restorative justice is accessible to victims of sexual crimes and to the emergence of country-specific patterns in the provision of restorative justice in cases of sexual violence.
  • Publication
    Sexual Abuse and the Catholic Church
    (Manchester University Press, 2014-11)
    The clergy abuse situation in Ireland is often seen as unique, in part because of the close relationship between the Irish Church and the new Irish state founded in 1922. It is also thought to be unique since the Irish surnames of the Irish diaspora, some of whom are priests and bishops in the United States, Canada and Australia, have been listed in abuse cases in those countries. This has raised questions about the oppressive power of the Catholic Church in Ireland and its influence on the Irish political process. Questions have been raised about the Irish ‘culture of deference’ and how this related to the abuse situation. Some wonder if the Church and state worked separately and together in covering up the sexual abuse of Irish children. Some also wonder if ‘Irish’ Catholicism has peculiar features, which when exported throughout the world, contributed to the abuse of children by Catholic clergy. As a mono-cultural society, rendering Ireland ‘the most Catholic country in the world’ , the Catholic Church, once considered the ultimate arbiter of morality has found itself on the margins of influence in Irish public life
  • Publication
    Them and Us: Talking about perpetrators of Sexual Violence
    Sexual crime is a highly under-reported form of personal violence and therefore the true prevalence of sexual crime is unknown. However, by any standards this represents a significant public health and public policy concern.
  • Publication
    Restorative Justice and Sexual Violence: Ireland joins the International Debate
    (UCD School of Applied Social Science, 2013-11) ;
    Many jurisdictions have expressed reservations about the potential of restorative justice in cases of sexual violence. In an Irish context, the National Commission on Restorative Justice recommended in its Final Report in 2009 that "certain serious offences such as sexual assaults should be excluded from the initial phases of implementation". In reviewing the literature and developments in Ireland we argue that the time has come to move beyond the limitations of adversarial approaches to justice in cases of sexual violence and to extend the repertoire of 'justice' approaches to sexual crime to include those opportunities presented by approaches that engage victims and offenders in relational dialogue and restorative potentialities.
  • Publication
    Researching the lives of Irish Roman Catholic clergy who have sexually abused minors: Collaborative inquiry
    (Sage, 2012-05-01)
    Child sexual abuse in the Catholic Church has become an international problem of truly global proportions and while much has been written on this topic much remains to be understood. This article describes and discusses the orientation and methodology adopted in undertaking a study of Irish Catholic clergy who had sexually abused minors. Whilst much of the literature on sexually offending clergy comes through third party analysis and interpretations, the study discussed in this article is based on first-person narratives and a collaborative approach to the research process. The study is taken as a point of departure for discussion of a number of ethical considerations when undertaking research with participants who are clients of a therapy service and who are therefore seen as members of a vulnerable group. Some of the complexities involved in conceptualizing men who have abused minors as a vulnerable group are considered. © The Author(s) 2011 Reprints and permissions:
      64Scopus© Citations 5
  • Publication
    Hindsight, Foresight and Historical Judgement: Child Sexual Abuse and the Catholic Church
    (Routledge, 2015-12-01)
    This chapter presents the results of a study that explored the ways in which clerics who engaged in child sexual abuse made sense of their behaviour and the response of the Church hierarchy to allegations of abuse against clergy. It is argued that a systemic perspective offers the best explanation for both the abuse and the institutional response to the problem. In particular, the findings implicate institutional factors, such as a culture of secrecy and ignorance surrounding sex and relationships, clericalism, the interplay of power and powerlessness and an overly intellectualized understanding of morality into the causative explanatory frame. 
  • Publication
    Gender Equality and Sexual Consent in the Context of Commercial Sexual Exploitation: A study by the Sexual Exploitation Research Programme UCD, in collaboration with the National Women’s Council
    (National Women's Council, 2022-09-21) ; ; ;
    Building a society so that women can live free from violence and harassment is at the core of achieving equality for women in Ireland and globally. Sexual exploitation, harassment and violence are a cause and consequence of gender discrimination and must be located within a gender equality framework. The current sex trade is heavily gendered and migrant women make up an average of 84% of women in prostitution across 13 European countries. In Ireland, the profile of women in the sex trade (estimated to be 1,000 women at any one time) is of young, vulnerable migrants from the Global South and impoverished regions of Central and Eastern Europe. In the vast majority of cases the buyer is male, well-educated, with a medium to high income, whereas women find themselves in prostitution as a result of being trafficked, coerced, compelled by extreme poverty, or lack of other means of financial survival. Legalised regimes in Europe have resulted in an exponential growth in demand, with an estimated 400,000 women and girls in the German sex trade, with evidence of worsening conditions and severe exploitation that has profound consequences for women’s physical, sexual, reproductive and mental health. However, despite this evidence, there is growing pressure, particularly on young women, to understand prostitution within the framework of the neo-liberal concepts of individual agency, choice and autonomy and as a legitimate form of work which can be safely regulated in the market economy as with any other commercial transaction. This study set out to critically examine gender equality and the phenomenon of consent in the context of the commercial sex trade.
  • Publication
    Is there a Role for Restorative Justice after Sexual Crime?
    (Eolas Magazine, 2020-11-14)
    The ‘beyond reasonable doubt’ evidential threshold can inhibit pathways to justice in the aftermath of sexual crime. In the absence of a fundamental shift in legal and criminal justice thinking, alternative avenues to justice should be considered. Marie Keenan, an Associate Professor at UCD’s School of Social Policy, Social Work and Social Justice, writes.
  • Publication
    Sexual Trauma and Abuse: Restorative and Transformative Possibilities?
    Is there a need for Innovative Justice Mechanisms as well as Conventional Justice Mechanisms in cases of Sexual Crime?
  • Publication
    Child Sexual Abuse and the Catholic Church: A Multilayered Perspective
    (Peter Lang, 2013)
    Child sexual abuse in the Catholic Church is a multi-layered, multifaceted problem that needs to be understood and addressed in all its complexity. Approaches that focus only on individual actors without taking sufficient account of structural and systemic considerations not alone marginalise individuals but fail in the ultimate aim of prevention, healing and repair.