Now showing 1 - 10 of 25
  • Publication
    The Palawan Island Palaeohistoric Research Project: Report on the 2012 Season
    (Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines and National Museum of the Phillippines, 2012-09) ; ; ; ;
    The Palawan Island Palaeohistoric Research Project (PIPRP) was initiated in 2003. In its first two years the project concentrated work in the southern and central parts of the main island; namely the Rio Tuba-Bataraza area, and around the Quezon district. The work done in the first years focused on archaeological assessments in search for sites that may contribute to our knowledge of the deep history of Palawan. The early years also concentrated on palaeoenvironmental sampling in-line with our general objective of gathering proxy evidence towards a better understanding of people-landscape relationships through time.
  • Publication
    Cave sites in Northeastern Luzon, Philippines : a preliminary soil micromorphological study
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2009) ;
    Soil micromorphology was among the approaches used to explore site formation in two cave sites in northern Luzon: Eme and Dalan Serkot Caves. Interplay of biogenic, sedimentary, and anthropogenic processes worked and reworked the archaeological sediments at both sites. Eme Cave was found to be highly bioturbated by faunal activities and shrink-swell processes, and caution is needed in interpreting its archaeological contexts. However, thin section study revealed wood ash and possible burnt soil fragments, along with charcoal, attesting to later prehistoric burning activity at the site at some time. In Dalan Serkot Cave, along with standard cave sediments a volcanic ash deposit was identified, apparently deposited before 6200 b.p., that must have affected local communities, and that could be used as a stratigraphic marker for future research in the area.
  • Publication
    Geoarchaeology: driving heritage policy or sitting in the backseat? Traditions, politics and 'best practice' variation between states
    Ireland has a culture of internationally-recognised expertise in archaeological science, and very high standards of practice in cultural resources management (CRM) archaeology. The Republic of Ireland is, however, one of several EU states with little research in geoarchaeology, and almost no CRM applications of this beyond geophysical survey. This is despite the state seeing the Celtic Tiger building boom in 1998-2007, with so much CRM work that archaeologists were imported from all over the EU, and despite the fact that neighbouring states have been applying geoarchaeological assessment as part of standard best practice in CRM for almost two decades. One of these states has produced freely-available online guidelines on geoarchaeology for CRM (e.g. English Heritage 2007), but there are still no guidelines for the application of geoarchaeological approaches beyond geophysical survey for Irish archaeology.. This study investigates the issue of variation in so-called ‘best practice’ in CRM archaeology, in particular trying to understand how geoarchaeology - except geophysical survey - was essentially omitted from Irish CRM practice. Through interviews with stakeholders in four US states, and comparing these with four EU ‘states’, I hope to better understand the traditions of practice and the politics of definition of my own field of expertise, and to develop a set of internationally-agreed expert fundamental guidelines to reduce local prejudices in scientific standards of practice.
  • Publication
    Preliminary assessment of the potential for the application of soil micromorphology to previously excavated Irish cave sites
    A preliminary study was carried out on the survival of in situ sediments from old cave excavations in Ireland, with the aim of assessing potential for soil micromorphological study of ancient use of caves and palaeoenvironmental history. The investigation comprised the development of a database of published excavated sites, the desk-based assessment of these as to their potential interest for soil micromorphological work, and the field-based assessment of a number of cave sites identified from the desk-top for survival of intact sediments. Specific recommendations are made regarding the caves assessed; in some cases there is already sufficient contextual information, and intact sections are available from which to sample, both in certain antiquarian excavations and in recent investigations.
  • Publication
    Soil micromorphology and geoarchaeology at Parknabinnia Court Tomb (Clare Megalith 153), Co. Clare, Ireland
    This report describes soil micromorphological and field characteristics of profiles from the Parknabinnia Neolithic court tomb, County Clare, Ireland, and discusses how they relate to the history of the monument, its locality and the region. The tomb is located on a junction of two soil profile types, both overlying the Lower Carboniferous limestone pavement of the Burren. Despite the presence of a thick covering of soil inside the tomb before excavation, a rendzina on limestone, the typical modern soil profile for the area, is present under much of the tomb. Where the site overlies a slight hollow, however, a red clay-rich deposit is found overlain by a clayey brown earth profile. The latter appears to have derived from a localised occurrence or survival of more shale-rich or mixed limestone/shale breccia, as described for soils immediately to the south of the area (Moles & Moles 2002), although its relationship to those soils cannot be verified without further study. The hollow profile shows a change in chemistry and/or aeration with depth, with mollusc-rich and slightly calcareous organic topsoil overlying a moist parent material rich in oxidised iron and clay.
  • Publication
    Palawan Island Palaeohistoric Research Project: Report on the 2010 Field Season
    (Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines and National Museum of the Phillippines, 2010-09) ; ; ;
    The Palawan Island Palaeohistoric Research Project (PIPRP) started in 2003 in the main island of Palawan, the largest westernmost island of the Philippines. In the first two years of the project the work concentrated more in the south and central parts of the island, at the Rio Tuba-Bataraza area, and in the Quezon district. These early initiatives were mostly consisted of surveys, site assessments, and palaeoenvironmental sampling. Since 2004, work concentrated in the northern end of the island, within the municipality of El Nido. The research is primarily led from the Archaeological Studies Program at the University of the Philippines (UP-ASP), and the National Museum of the Philippines (NM). For the season of 2010, the project continued to focus on an area covered by the Municipality of El Nido, expanding from its previous locus within the Dewil valley, New Ibajay, to include the area around Barangay Sibaltan, and within the town proper of El Nido. Like in previous years, the various research interests of the UPASP, the NM, and the scholars/research institutions from abroad were accommodated within the broad framework of the project.
  • Publication
    Micromorphological study of ridge-and-furrow remains at Watson's Lane, Little Thetford, Cambridgeshire
    The Watson’s Lane site included part of a relatively well-preserved ridge-and-furrow field from the Medieval and post-Medieval periods (SMR 09873). The ridge-and-furrow area investigated included 12 ridges spaced c. 4 m apart, and standing up to 1 m (Gdaniec and Butler 1994, 6). Trial trenching of the area was carried out by the Cambridge Archaeological Unit in 1995. Trench 10 (see Figure 1) cut across the line of the ridge and furrow system, exposing Ridges 3-10 in section (see Figure 2 - ridges are numbered from north to south). This trench was opened to allow detailed study of the field system, with the ultimate aim being reconstruction of the processes involved in its development. In addition to field description, the system was studied through soil micromorphology as forms part of doctoral research on the characterisation of ancient tillage practices through field and soil micromorphological analyses (Lewis 1998).
  • Publication
    Palawan Island Palaeohistory Research Project Report 2018
    (University of the Philippines Archaeological Studies Program, 2021-12-25) ; ; ;
    In this document we share the 2018 results and related data in the annual workings of the Palawan Island Palaeohistory Research Project. At the Ille site we continued to excavate at the East West Connecting and the West Mouth West Extension trenches, as well as the newest trench, called Balete. At Pasimbahan-Magsanib we continued to excavate, with the focus on totally exposing a partially-exposed cremation along the east wall of Trench B, hypothesized to possibly belong to a cluster of cremation burials similar to that exposed at Ille (see previous reports. We also wanted to complete the excavation at Makangit-Maliit-na–Bato, and continue excavating Makangit-Pabintana, and Pacaldero cave sites. The exploration of the landscape for new archaeological sites also continued in 2018. Regarding our heritage initiative, we aimed to improve the contents of the Archaeology and Natural History Exhibit Hall, as well as continue with our community heritage engagement and education initiatives. There was also the matter of how to ethically solve the problem of surrendered human remains to the project that were collected during the 2010-2011 frenzy surrounding the purchase of human remains by unscrupulous individuals, who then passed them as the remains of World War Two Japanese missing-in-action casualties. These bones were surrendered to the project at the tail-end of the 2017 field season at the Dewil Valley. Specific objectives, however, were not all achieved. We did not manage to excavate the West Mouth West Extension Trench beyond the shell layers; the exposure of complex features, such as pits, slowed down the excavation process. The excavation of Trench B East extension at Pasimbahan is still far from achieving its main purpose: to properly expose the cremation context at the bottom of the east wall of Trench B. While Makangit-Maliit-na-Bato excavation was completed as planned, and we have located a new archaeological site (Maulohin Itaas) in Imorigue, the excavation of Makangit-Pabintana did not happen because the archaeologist who was suppose to lead the excavation did not manage to join the field season. We are general satisfied with the results of our latest revision of the exhibit inside the Natural History and Archaeology Exhibit Hall in the Dewil Valley. We still await the full blooming of consciousness within the New Ibajay community that will allow for the full implementation of a ecomuseum approach, a bottom-up, approach to the curation of the space. We are also satisfied with the way the modern human remains surrendered to the project was ethically resolved - through reburial - involving the municipal government, the barangay leadership and members of the New Ibajay community.
  • Publication
    Geoarchaeology at Snusgar in 2010 (SG10 and MW09)
    In the 2010 excavation season the area opened for excavation and geoarchaeological assessment was much the same as in 2008, exposing a large area of a longhouse discovered previously, and a later additional house added on to it. Of particular interest in this season was an identified metalworking area located outside of and adjacent to the later addition; this was the area that included context [2202], a mixed black and red deposit with frequent finds of metal slag (mainly iron), shell and animal bone. This area of the site had been sampled in 2008 for soil micromorphological study; in p articular, exposed profiles containing multiple interpreted floor layers of clay and silt, with probable wood ash inclusions, had been sampled using kubiena tins. These layers were described again in greater detail in 2010 , and further exposures of them an d their distribution in relation to other features and structures were assessed. A plan for additional sampling for geochemical study of use-of-space in the various structural areas was also established