International trade effects of student migration

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Title: International trade effects of student migration
Authors: Specht, Lena Susanne
Permanent link: http://hdl.handle.net/10197/12954
Date: Mar-2022
Online since: 2022-06-30T15:30:10Z
Abstract: The conventional immigration and trade literature regards immigrants as mediators for informal barriers such as institutional and cultural differences. However, this notion neglects network effects stemming from short visits. This paper investigates the ways in which international student migration relates to trade. Unlike other immigrants, international students make a special case because of their short stay and high education level. Leveraging panel data on 34 mostly OECD host countries and 172 origin countries between 2000 and 2018, I employ a gravity-type trade model to examine this relationship. I find that overall immigration contributes to trade and international students par- ticularly increase their host countries’ exports to their origin country. Further results suggest that the student effect varies by country and product. While their ability to foster the most information-intensive trades is limited relative to the average immigrant, international students have an advantage in promoting trust between institutionally distant countries.
Type of material: Working Paper
Publisher: University College Dublin. School of Economics
Start page: 1
End page: 37
Series/Report no.: UCD Centre for Economic Research Working Paper Series; WP2022/11
Copyright (published version): 2022 the Authors
Keywords: International tradeInternational studentsNetworksMigrationGravity model
JEL Codes: F12; F14; F22
Language: en
Status of Item: Not peer reviewed
This item is made available under a Creative Commons License: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ie/
Appears in Collections:Economics Working Papers & Policy Papers

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