Now showing 1 - 10 of 21
  • Publication
    Institutional abuse in Ireland: Lessons from Magdalene survivors and legal professionals
    (Bristol University Press, 2021-09-03) ; ;
    The girls and women who were incarcerated in Ireland’s Magdalene institutions found themselves under lock and key due largely to perceptions that they were at risk of violating or had violated moral rather than legal codes. Their treatment was considerably worse than the treatment of those imprisoned under the Irish criminal justice system. Addressing the manifold injustices that they suffered is still an on-going issue for groups such as Justice for Magdalenes Research and survivors themselves, and this chapter offers an introduction to the legal rights and difficulties faced by former Magdalenes and other survivors of institutional abuse seeking justice. In particular, the chapter discusses the findings of a 24-month European research project in which the authors were involved, entitled SASCA (Support to Adult Survivors of Child Abuse in institutional settings).
  • Publication
    Castle Stopgap : historical reality, literary realism, and oral culture
    (University of Toronto Press, 2009)
    One of the earliest novels set in Ireland to achieve popular and critical acclaim was Maria Edgeworth’s Castle Rackrent (1800). It is reported that King George III got great entertainment in reading this short novel, which relates the rambunctious genealogy of the various squires who were lords of Castle Rackrent as narrated by the family retainer, Thady Quirk. The delighted King is said to have declared: ‘I know something now of my Irish subjects’. It is this issue of knowing, specifically knowing the Irish subject that is the focus of this article, and the argument is made that knowledge and the processes of identification in the novel are ultimately made unintelligible by the gap between the different standards and practices of oral and literary cultures. To call the narrator, Thady Quirk, an unreliable narrator, fails at marking how fundamentally his narration undermines every convention of the realist novel. This article argues that Castle Rackrent is best understood owing a profound debt to the virtuoso oral performance of Anglo-Gaelic culture.
      1611Scopus© Citations 4
  • Publication
    Pride and prejudice : legalising compulsory heterosexuality in Boston and New York’s annual St Patrick Day parades
    This article discusses the vicious territorial disputes surrounding the tradition of St Patrick’s Day Parades through the city streets of New York and Boston, USA. It documents the legal arguments mounted successfully to exclude Irish lesbian, gay and transgender participants from the march, exploring what ideologies of nation-space and public space underpin them. It argues that the progression through urban space of the marches enforces compulsory heterosexuality, through actual and semiotic exclusion. Irish-American nationalism can be read as illustrative of the heterosexualisation of nationalism. It was the unquestioned assumption that being homosexual is antithetical to being Irish that provided the fundamental premise from which it was logically and successfully argued in the US courts: that the Irish Lesbian and Gay Organization is a violent, obscene enemy bent on the destruction of Irish ethnicity and Irish communities. By contrast, the article holds up the Parades in Cork and Dublin as designated inclusive and multicultural events, the nation-space of the Irish Republic ‘economically liberated’ and wishing to communicate modernity to its citizens.
    Scopus© Citations 3  2065
  • Publication
    (Gill and Macmillan, 2003)
  • Publication
    The Theological Basis for Trans-Exclusionary Radical Feminist Positions
    (Zed Books, University of Chicago Press, 2019-08-15)
    This essay argues that Irish lesbian feminism has been largely anti-theocratic and post/colonial in its perspective and has therefore remained opposed to current UK Trans-exclusionary Radical Feminist (terf) activism, which has received much media attention. We examine how the Radical Lesbian Feminist, Mary Daly engaged with the theology of St Thomas Aquinas to provide crucial conceptual underpinning of terf perspectives. We see how Daly’s rigid adherence to her metaphysical concepts designed to refute Aquinas meant that she was unwilling to engage with evolving feminist theory on gender, and unable to respond to feminist critical race theory. As Irish lesbian feminism has remained conscious of its post/colonial legacy, it is characterized by a political practice of building alliances, coalitions and by an intersectional thinking that is critical of claims to supremacy and hierarchy. Irish lesbian feminism has also been generally engaged in an oppositional politics to theocratic rule. This essay argues that an intersectional post/colonial lesbian feminist politics and an anti-theocratic perspective that is critical of categories such as the pure and impure (the real and the fake; the true and the dissembling) means that Irish lesbian feminist culture has not proved amenable to terf activism which rests on the version of Radical Feminism espoused in the work of Mary Daly.
  • Publication
    Burke and the Aisling : homage of a nation
    (British Society for Eighteenth Century Studies, 2007-09)
  • Publication
  • Publication
    Aisling Ghear - A Terrible Beauty: The Gaelic Background to Burke's Enquiry
    (Springer, 2012-01)
    Aisling Gheár - A Terrible Beauty was a poetic cliche in the Gaelic tradition by the time that Burke was composing his treatise on the Sublime and Beautiful. This article briefly summarises the Gaelic political and cultural background to Burke's life and details how the genre of politcal poetry known as the Aisling Gheár might be seen to have influenced Burke's Enquiry. The article is particularly interested in Burke's focus on the effects of the Sublime and Beautiful on the psyche of the listener and the witness, and it draws on recently developing field of Cognitive Science’s exploration of Affect to discuss this aspect of Burke's work.
    Scopus© Citations 1  125