Now showing 1 - 10 of 22
  • Publication
    Final Report: Archaeological Excavations at Grange 2, M3 Clonee North of Kells motorway scheme
    (National Roads Authority, 2011-04) ; ;
    This is a final report of an archaeological excavation at Grange 2 which was located on the route of the M3 Navan–Kells & Kells Bypass (Archaeological Services Contract 4) of the M3 Clonee–North of Kells Motorway Scheme, County Meath. The excavation was carried out by Dr. Amanda Kelly of Irish Archaeological Consultancy Ltd on behalf of Meath County Council and the National Roads Authority. The work was carried out under Ministerial Direction No. A029/006 and National Monuments Service (NMS) Excavation Registration No. E3124 which were received from the DoEHLG in consultation with the National Museum of Ireland. The fieldwork took place between 16 June 2006 – 14 July 2006. A total area of 805m2 was opened around Grange 2 to reveal the archaeological features that were identified at the site during archaeological testing under licence 04E0925. This site is closely linked with the adjacent site of Grange 3 (Kelly 2010a) and together they create a picture of continuous activity from the middle Bronze Age through to the early medieval period (Figure 7). The excavated remains from this site and the other sites in Grange indicate that this area was the focus of activity over a prolonged period and it is probable that the place held some significance that resulted in it being revisited repeatedly.
  • Publication
    The Leukos Survey Project
    (Norwegian Institute at Athens, 2018) ; ; ;
    From 2008 to 2011, we conducted archaeological explorations in the area known today as Kato Leukos on the Greek island of Karpathos. Our interest in the site was sparked by the late Gilbert Bagnani. In June of 1923, as a graduate student and a member of the Italian School of Archaeology at Athens, Bagnani traveled to Karpathos in the company of the director of the School and a fellow student. While investigating the visible remains at Kato Leukos, Bagnani commented in his notebook, “there can be no doubt that it is the site of an ancient city, perhaps Nysiros, the only one of the four cities of Karpathos whose site is still unknown.” His suggestion was in direct response to Strabo’s claim that Karpathos was home to a tetrapolis. Three of the four cities, Pigadia, Arkassa and Vrykous, are known, the fourth remains unidentified (fig. 1). In addition, Bagnani also noted architectural blocks with cuttings and moldings characteristic of temple architecture strewn about the upper portion of the site. He did not publish his work, but deposited his field notes in the archives at Trent University and the Italian School at Athens. Armed with Bagnani’s observations, we superficially inspected the area in 2004 and then commenced four seasons of intensive archaeological surface survey in 2008. Our goals in the field were fourfold, to determine: 1) the chronological parameters of the settlement; 2) the extent of the settlement and its relationship to the land- and sea-scape; 3) the settlement’s urban institutions, and; 4) the settlement’s role in seafaring and maritime trade. Although the results of our field work could not confirm Bagnani’s suggestion that Kato Leukos was the fourth member of Strabo’s tetrapolis, our survey established the remains of two later settlements: a 4th- to 6th-century CE port settlement (hereafter, Leukos) and an 11th- to 13th-century CE fortified islet (hereafter, Sokastro) (fig. 2). Karpathos lay at the crossroads of two major shipping lanes and the ceramic evidence recorded at both settlements confirms their participation in seaborne trade.5 Because Karpathos lacks natural resources and arable land, the Leukos Survey Project sought to determine whether the two settlements were entirely dependent for survival on the ships transporting their tradable cargos which plied the island’s waters and sheltered in its natural harbors. The tumultuous history of the Aegean during the medieval period no doubt also contributed to the short-lived nature of both settlements. Our project was the first scientifically-based archaeological survey conducted on Karpathos, and the preliminary results presented here begin to define the medieval history of the island with newly-gathered data.
  • Publication
    A Turkish Import in County Meath: Mediterranean Pottery on the M3
    (National Roads Authority, 2008)
    Analysis of a pottery fragment discovered on the M3 has revealed evidence of ancient trade between Ireland and the eastern Mediterranean. A sherd from the rim of an imported pottery vessel recovered from an early medieval cemetery at Collierstown 1, Co. Meath (excavated by Robert O’Hara of Archaeological Consultancy Services Ltd), has been identified recently as Phocaean Red Slip Ware (PRSW) Form 3. The type is named after a major production centre at Phocaea, in western Turkey. The Collierstown sherd comes from a vessel manufactured there some 1,500 years ago.
  • Publication
    Survey and Excavations at Khirbat Kazūn 2004
    (Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 2005-01-01) ; ;
    Survey and excavations were conducted at the cemetery of Khirbat Kazun during April and May 2004. The work was an extension of the earlier rescue excavations conducted in 1996 ad 1997 (Politis 1998: 611-614) with the objective to identify the full extent of the site. The main aim of the season was to complete all field work and studies at the site and prepare for final publication. The project was sponsored by the Hellenic Society for Near Eastern Studies and supported by the National Geographic Society and the British Academy in collaboration with the Department of Antiquities of Jordan.
  • Publication
    Review: J. Knight 'South Wales, From the Romans to the Normans; Christianity, Literacy and Lordship' (2013) Gloucestershire: Amberley Publishing
    (Royal Society of Antiquaries in Ireland, 2011)
    Jeremy Knight’s book is an impressive exercise in efficacious brevity tracing the challenging historic narrative of south Wales from the mid-third century A.D. through to the Anglo-Norman period. The sheer wealth of evidence presented and the impressive range of disciplines considered inform this wonderfully rich account of the region’s development. The study draws on material from the fields of archaeology (both artefact and landscape), history (availing of epigraphic and manuscript material) and the onomastic, toponymic and hagiographic traditions.
  • Publication
    Survey and Excavations at Ghawr as-Safi 2004
    (Department of Antiquities of Jordan, 2005-01-01) ; ; ;
    Survey and excavations were conducted in teh Ghawe as-Safi during March and April 2004. The project was sponsored by the Hellenic Society for Near Eastern Studies and supported by the Palestine Exploration Fund in collaboration with the Department of Antiquities of Jordan. Additional support came from ARAMEX International Couriers. During the course of the season's work, the board of directors of the Jordan River Foundation accepted to officially sponsor the project's future activities.
  • Publication
    A Neo-Assyrian Relief in the Weingreen Museum of Biblical Antiquities, Trinity College Dublin: a case study in artefact acquisition
    (Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy, Section C: Archaeology, Celtic Studies, History, Linguistics and Literature, 2011-10-14)
    The focus of this paper is a neo-Assyrian relief discovered in the Weingreen Museum of Biblical Antiquities at Trinity College Dublin (hereafter the Weingreen Museum). The shallow relief depicts a pictorial vignette of a kneeling genie, rendered in profile, facing a tree of life, on a horizon formed by a cuneiform border (WM 1189). Details surrounding the relief’s acquisition were completely unknown to Trinity College Dublin staff during 2008-9. This investigation follows a paper trail which illuminates the circumstances behind its procurement and subsequent journey from Iraq to Dublin in the Victorian period. The results establish the relief as the uncontested prize piece of the Weingreen Museum.
      510Scopus© Citations 1
  • Publication
    Distributions of Cretan Aqueducts; a window onto Romanisation
    (Society of Cretan Historical Studies, 2001)
    Images of the magnificent and solid Pont du Gard, the grandeur of the Segovian aqueduct juxtaposed against its modern urban setting, or the mirage-like aqueduct approaching Carthage are usually invoked when one thinks of a Roman aqueduct. Unfortunately, and somewhat surprisingly, the Roman aqueducts of Crete are rarely evoked in such terms, if ever evoked at all.
  • Publication
    Occide, verbera, ure! 'Kill him, Flog him, Burn him Alive!' (Seneca Epistles 7); The popularity, extent and duration of Roman Spectacula on Crete
    (Philological Association 'Chrysostomos', 2011-10-08)
    Purpose-built amphitheatres, as an architectural type, have always been instantly recognisable as Roman. The amphitheatre represents an exclusively Roman architectural medium, serving as a vehicle for reinforcing Roman social order throughout provincial contexts and thereby affecting cultural transition.
  • Publication
    A Roman Aqueduct through the Cretan Highlands - securing the water supply for elevated Lyttos
    (Archaeopress, 2018)
    In this paper I examine the difficulties encountered in securing the water supply for the Roman city of Lyttos in east central Crete. The city, set on an elevated spur in the western foothills of the Lasithi range, represents one of the relatively few examples of a flourishing upland Roman city on the island. Lyttos was both an inland centre and one of the most prosperous cities of Roman Crete. Its lofty position, simultaneously overshadowing the Pedhiadha plain and controlling the main pass into the Lasithi plateau, secured its control over a wide agricultural area. At this inland, and relatively inaccessible site, economics (as manifested in viticulture), as opposed to geographical accessibility per se, connected the city with the broader Roman world. Despite the relative inconvenience of the city's topography, the city remained on its perch in order to control the pass into the lucrative Lasithi plain. The city's strategic placement undoubtedly presented a challenge for its Roman planners, yet the city survived (and continued to flourish into the Byzantine period), by virtue of its hydraulic surveyors taking full advantage of the city's mountainous surrounds in designing its aqueduct.