Now showing 1 - 10 of 29
  • Publication
    Archaeology of Makangit Maliit na Bato Rockshelter in El Nido, Palawan, Philippines
    This paper presents the initial results of the excavation of the Makangit Maliit na Bato (MNB) Rockshelter Site in Brgy. New Ibajay, El Nido, northern Palawan. The majority and nature of recovered materials from this archaeological site (i.e., human bones, earthenware sherds, metals, shell and glass beads) categorize it as a jar burial site during the Metal Periods or around 500 BC to AD 900. Considering the other cultural materials found (i.e., chert flakes, tradeware potsherds), however, could extend the tentative date of the site’s use to the 19th century AD and, on the opposite direction of the spectrum, probably to an earlier period. It is thus possible that the burial site has been used for a longer period of time up to the 19th century and that materials previously thought to characterize the Metal periods were still in use until around the later period.
  • Publication
    A decorated megalith from Knowlton Henges, Dorset, England
    (The Prehistoric Society. University College London. Institute of Archaeology., 2000-07) ; ;
  • Publication
    Soil micromorphology and geoarchaeology at Parknabinnia Court Tomb (Clare Megalith 153), Co. Clare, Ireland
    This report describes soil micromorphological and field characteristics of profiles from the Parknabinnia Neolithic court tomb, County Clare, Ireland, and discusses how they relate to the history of the monument, its locality and the region. The tomb is located on a junction of two soil profile types, both overlying the Lower Carboniferous limestone pavement of the Burren. Despite the presence of a thick covering of soil inside the tomb before excavation, a rendzina on limestone, the typical modern soil profile for the area, is present under much of the tomb. Where the site overlies a slight hollow, however, a red clay-rich deposit is found overlain by a clayey brown earth profile. The latter appears to have derived from a localised occurrence or survival of more shale-rich or mixed limestone/shale breccia, as described for soils immediately to the south of the area (Moles & Moles 2002), although its relationship to those soils cannot be verified without further study. The hollow profile shows a change in chemistry and/or aeration with depth, with mollusc-rich and slightly calcareous organic topsoil overlying a moist parent material rich in oxidised iron and clay.
  • Publication
    Preliminary assessment of the potential for the application of soil micromorphology to previously excavated Irish cave sites
    A preliminary study was carried out on the survival of in situ sediments from old cave excavations in Ireland, with the aim of assessing potential for soil micromorphological study of ancient use of caves and palaeoenvironmental history. The investigation comprised the development of a database of published excavated sites, the desk-based assessment of these as to their potential interest for soil micromorphological work, and the field-based assessment of a number of cave sites identified from the desk-top for survival of intact sediments. Specific recommendations are made regarding the caves assessed; in some cases there is already sufficient contextual information, and intact sections are available from which to sample, both in certain antiquarian excavations and in recent investigations.
  • Publication
    Cave sites in Northeastern Luzon, Philippines : a preliminary soil micromorphological study
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2009) ;
    Soil micromorphology was among the approaches used to explore site formation in two cave sites in northern Luzon: Eme and Dalan Serkot Caves. Interplay of biogenic, sedimentary, and anthropogenic processes worked and reworked the archaeological sediments at both sites. Eme Cave was found to be highly bioturbated by faunal activities and shrink-swell processes, and caution is needed in interpreting its archaeological contexts. However, thin section study revealed wood ash and possible burnt soil fragments, along with charcoal, attesting to later prehistoric burning activity at the site at some time. In Dalan Serkot Cave, along with standard cave sediments a volcanic ash deposit was identified, apparently deposited before 6200 b.p., that must have affected local communities, and that could be used as a stratigraphic marker for future research in the area.
  • Publication
    Early occupation at Ille Cave, New Ibajay, El Nido, Palawan, Philippines: Report on the 2005 excavation season
    Excavations were carried out at the East and West Mouths of the rockshelter at Ille Cave, New Ibajay, Palawan, a site comprising a later prehistoric/palaeohistoric cemetery overlying a midden of shell and animal bones, and lower levels with Palaeolithic occupation materials. The 2005 project extend ed the previously investigated trenches (Szabó et al. 2004; Paz & Ronquill o 2004; Paz 2004), with the aims of: 1) exploring the extent and nature of the later prehistoric cemetery and underlying shell midden horizons , 2) exposing deep burning deposits discovered during 2004 recording of a looter’s pit, and 3) collecting further samples for dating and palaeoenvironmental analyses from all horizons to characterise use of the cave and the nature of the surrounding landscape from historic times back into the earl y Holocene. Additional test trenches were investigated to the south of t he cave platform and within the East Mouth chamber, to explor e platform history and a gradient exposed in rock shelter deposits during the 2004 excavations. The East Mouth chamber trench also provided an ‘in - cave’ setting, which was anticipated to reveal d ifferent remains and/or preservation environments to the rock shelter are
  • Publication
    Palawan Island Palaeohistoric Research Project: Report on the 2013 Season
    (Archaeological Studies Program, University of the Philippines and National Museum of the Phillippines, 2013-09) ; ; ;
    The Palawan Island Palaeohistoric Research Project (PIPRP) started operating in the municipality of El Nido in 2004. The project, however, was already active in southern Palawan since 2002. In its first two years the project concentrated work in the Rio Tuba-Bataraza area, and around the Quezon district. The work done in the first years focused on archaeological assessments in search for sites that may contribute to our knowledge of the deep history of the main island of Palawan. The early years also concentrated on palaeoenvironmental sampling in-line with our general objective of gathering proxy evidence towards a better understanding of people-landscape relationships through time.
  • Publication
    Editorial introduction to EurASEAA14 Volumes 1 and 2
    (Archaeopress, 2020-07-02) ;
    The Fourteenth International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists (EurASEAA14) was held in Dublin from September 18-21, 2012, hosted by University College Dublin School of Archaeology. The conference took place at Dublin Castle Conference Centre and the Chester Beatty Library, in the heart of the capital, bringing together archaeologists, art historians, ethnographers and philologists who share a common interest in the past of Southeast Asia. The aim of EurASEAA is to facilitate communication between different disciplines, to present current work in the field, and to stimulate future research. This international initiative aims to foster international scholarly cooperation in the field of Southeast Asian archaeology, art history and philology.
  • Publication
    Geoarchaeology at Snusgar in 2010 (SG10 and MW09)
    In the 2010 excavation season the area opened for excavation and geoarchaeological assessment was much the same as in 2008, exposing a large area of a longhouse discovered previously, and a later additional house added on to it. Of particular interest in this season was an identified metalworking area located outside of and adjacent to the later addition; this was the area that included context [2202], a mixed black and red deposit with frequent finds of metal slag (mainly iron), shell and animal bone. This area of the site had been sampled in 2008 for soil micromorphological study; in p articular, exposed profiles containing multiple interpreted floor layers of clay and silt, with probable wood ash inclusions, had been sampled using kubiena tins. These layers were described again in greater detail in 2010 , and further exposures of them an d their distribution in relation to other features and structures were assessed. A plan for additional sampling for geochemical study of use-of-space in the various structural areas was also established
  • Publication
    Micromorphological study of ridge-and-furrow remains at Watson's Lane, Little Thetford, Cambridgeshire
    The Watson’s Lane site included part of a relatively well-preserved ridge-and-furrow field from the Medieval and post-Medieval periods (SMR 09873). The ridge-and-furrow area investigated included 12 ridges spaced c. 4 m apart, and standing up to 1 m (Gdaniec and Butler 1994, 6). Trial trenching of the area was carried out by the Cambridge Archaeological Unit in 1995. Trench 10 (see Figure 1) cut across the line of the ridge and furrow system, exposing Ridges 3-10 in section (see Figure 2 - ridges are numbered from north to south). This trench was opened to allow detailed study of the field system, with the ultimate aim being reconstruction of the processes involved in its development. In addition to field description, the system was studied through soil micromorphology as forms part of doctoral research on the characterisation of ancient tillage practices through field and soil micromorphological analyses (Lewis 1998).