Safety at Sea during the Industrial Revolution

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Title: Safety at Sea during the Industrial Revolution
Authors: Kelly, MorganÓ Gráda, CormacSolar, Peter
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Date: Oct-2019
Online since: 2019-10-23T11:32:22Z
Abstract: Shipping was central to the rise of the Atlantic economies, but an extremely hazardous activity: in the 1780s, roughly five per cent of British ships sailing in summer for the United States never returned. Against the widespread belief that shipping technology was stagnant before iron steamships, in this paper we demonstrate that between the 1780s and 1820s, a safety revolution occurred that saw shipping losses and insurance rates on oceanic routes almost halved thanks to steady improvements in shipbuilding and navigation. Iron reinforcing led to stronger vessels while navigation improved, not through chronometers which remained too expensive and unreliable for general use, but through radically improved charts, accessible manuals of basic navigational techniques, and improved shore-based navigational aids.
Type of material: Working Paper
Publisher: University College Dublin. School of Economics
Start page: 1
End page: 47
Series/Report no.: UCD Centre for Economic Research Working Paper Series; WP2019/25
Copyright (published version): 2019 the Authors
Keywords: ShippingInsuranceIndustrial Revolution
DOI: 201925
Language: en
Status of Item: Not peer reviewed
Appears in Collections:Economics Working Papers & Policy Papers

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